In 1918, Gavrilo Princip, the assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and the archduke's wife, Sophie, died in prison of tuberculosis.
In 1937, former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein was born in the village of al-Oja near the desert town of Tikrit (he was executed in December 2006).
In 1945, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, were executed by Italian partisans as they attempted to flee the country.
In 1952, war with Japan officially ended as a treaty signed in San Francisco the year before took effect.
In 1988, a flight attendant was killed and more than 60 persons injured when part of the roof of an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 tore off during a flight from Hilo (HEE'-loh) to Honolulu.
In 1996, a man armed with a semiautomatic rifle went on a rampage on the Australian island of Tasmania, killing 35 people; Martin Bryant was captured by police after a 12-hour standoff at a guest cottage. (Bryant is serving a life prison sentence.)
Today's Birthdays: Pulitzer Prize-winning author Harper Lee is 88. Former Secretary of State James A. Baker III is 84. Actress-singer Ann-Margret is 73. Actress Marcia Strassman is 66. Actor Paul Guilfoyle is 65. Former "Tonight Show" host Jay Leno is 64.Actress Mary McDonnell is 61. Rock singer-musician Kim Gordon (Sonic Youth) is 61. Supreme Court Justice Elena Kagan is 54. Rapper Too Short is 48. Actress Bridget Moynahan is 43. Actor Chris Young is 43. Rapper Big Gipp is 41. Actor Jorge Garcia is 41. Actress Elisabeth Rohm is 41. Actress Penelope Cruz is 40. Actor Nate Richert is 36. Actress Jessica Alba is 33. Actor Harry Shum Jr. is 32. Actress Aleisha Allen is 23.
BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS